Life-threatening emergencies can happen fast and emergency responders aren’t always nearby.
You may be able to save a life by taking simple actions immediately.
You Are the Help Until Help Arrives.
First Care and Prompt Action. What you do can greatly impact the outcome of the situation. According to a recent National Academies of Science study, trauma is the leading cause of death for Americans under age 46. Life-threatening injuries require immediate action to prevent an injured person from dying. Those nearest to someone with life-threatening injuries are best positioned to provide first care.
With major trauma It’s far better to do something than to do nothing at all if you’re fearful that your knowledge or abilities aren’t 100 percent complete. Remember, the difference between you doing something and doing nothing could be someone’s life. A few basics:
Stop the Bleeding:Look for Life-Threatening Bleeding: Find the source of bleeding, open or remove the clothing over the wound so you can clearly see it. Look for and identify “life-threatening” bleeding. Examples include: Blood that is spurting out of the wound. Blood that won’t stop coming out of the wound. Blood that is pooling on the ground. Clothing that is soaked with blood. Loss of all or part of an arm or leg. Bleeding in a victim who is now confused or unconscious. Follow with Compress and Control. There are a number of methods that can be used to stop bleeding and they all have one thing in common—compressing a bleeding blood vessel in order to stop the bleeding.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique useful in many emergencies, including a heart attack or near drowning. CPR can keep oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs until more definitive medical treatment can restore a normal heart rhythm. When the heart stops, the lack of oxygenated blood can cause brain damage in only a few minutes. A person may die within eight to 10 minutes. If you’re not trained in CPR, then provide hands-only CPR. That means uninterrupted chest compressions of 100 to 120 a minute until paramedics arrive (described in more detail below). You don’t need to try rescue breathing. The above advice applies to adults, children and infants needing CPR, but not newborns (infants up to 4 weeks old).
Taking action can save a life! There are many local options for CPR training, and it is often combined with basic first aid training.